National Studies and Data

A. Determining Indigency

Brennan Ctr Three Reforms (2013)

Brennan Ctr. for Justice, Eligible for Justice: Guidelines for Appointing
Defense Counsel (2008)

Determining and Verifying Indigency for Public Defense (Washington State
Office of Public Defense Jan. 6, 2004)

Elizabeth Neeley et al., Evaluating Court Processes for Determining
Indigency (J. Am. Judges Ass’n 2007)

Robert L. Spangenberg, et al., Containing the Cost of Indigent Defense
Programs: Eligibility Screening and Cost Recovery Procedures (Nat’l Inst.
of Justice Sept. 1986)

B. Expenditures

Holly R. Stevens, et al., State, County and Local Expenditures for Indigent
Defense Services, Fiscal Year 2008 (Spangenberg Project Nov. 2010)

C. Indigent Defense – Guideline and Standards

ABA NACDL National Indigent Defense Reform (2012)

American Bar Association, Ten Principles of a Public Defense Delivery
System (Standing Committee on Legal Aid and Indigent Defendants Feb.

Guidelines on Indigent Defense Services Delivery Systems (State Bar of
California Dec. 2006)

John Rapping, What does a Client Have the Right to Demand?, 10 Tenn. J.
L. & Pol’y (2014)

Scott Wallace & David Carroll, The Implementation and Impact of Indigent
Defense Standards (Nat’l Legal Aid & Defender Ass’n Dec. 2003)

Gideon at 50 – Part 1 Rationing Justice (March 2013)

Gideon at 50 – Part 2 Redefining Indigence (March 2014)


D. Juvenile Offenders

Peak Article - Massachusetts Juvenile Justice System Makeover

Indicators of Success for Parent Representation

National Juvenile Defense Standards (Nat’l Juvenile Defender Ctr. 2012)

E. Public Defenders

50 State Statutory Surveys: Criminal Laws: Representation – Pay Rates
and Scales for Contractual and Volunteer Public Defenders (Thomson
Reuters Oct. 2014)

50 State Statutory Surveys: Criminal Laws: Representation –
Qualifications of Volunteer and Contractual Public Defenders (Thomson
Reuters Oct. 2014)